In this tutorial Today we will learn How to convert Ac Current into Dc current. It’s a quite interesting project for the students who wants to work on Electronics field. As we know An alternative current forms sinusoidal wave. And through this current we can not operate the Dc instruments. So Now I will make you Learn to build Dc current from Ac source.
In this project Project I will guide you To Convert 230 v Ac – 5 v 1 Amp Dc.
So Now let’s start the Project to make Ac to Dc.
For making This project we need some components :
- 12-0-12 Transformer 1 Pc (Centre Tap Step Down)
- 1N4007 (1 amp) Diode 4 Pc
- 1000 uF Capacitor 1 Pc
- 100 uF Capacitor 1 pc
- Some piece of Wire
- LM7805 IC 1 pc
- Led 2 pc
- Resistance 1 k ohm 1 Pc
- Resistance 470 ohm
- Dotted Printed Circuit Board (PCB) 5cm x 5 cm 1 Pc
- Soldering Iron
- Solder Wire
- Soldering Flux
- Power Cable
Essential Information about Components Which we will use in this Project we must have knowledge about it.
This types of transformer is used to step down the Ac voltage 220 to 12 Volt Ac. Transformer Contains 2 wire for input source and two wire for output source. It gives 12 v Ac output where 1 wire is Phase and another one is Neutral wire.
1N4007 (1 amp) Diode
This is a semiconductor PN Junction Diode made of Silicon material this type of diode is used to make rectifier circuit . this type of diode allow to flow the current in uni direction from Positive to negative. It works on reverse bias and dosent work on forward bias. Here as in the image you can see the black side is + and another side is (-) Negative.
Lm 7805 IC
This is a voltage convertor IC this IC is mostly used to convert into 5 volt Dc. It take input 6 v – 20 v Dc.
Output of this IC 5 volt 1 amp
This is a two terminal resistive device which is used to oppose the following the current in the circuit. Resistance is made up of carbon material. It never contain positive or negative terminal. We can use its any of the side as to oppose the current in appropriate manner. Resistance comes in different values which we used according to our need.
This a two terminal energy storage passive component Which is also use to filter the current to rectify respells and glitches to improve the flow of pure current. There are different types of capacitor for electronics use. We use the capacitor according our need in circuit. Here in the image you can see the long tail is + and the short tail is – negative.
Led – Light Emitting Diode
Led stands to light emitting diode. This is mostly use for lighting purpose or as a indicator of the circuit . this is a two terminal device Here in the image as you can see the long tail is positive and the short tail is negative.
Led Input voltage : 3 volt Dc.
Led is always connected with 220 or 470 ohm Resistance.
So Now we got the essential information about the important components .
Now I will describe you to make this project Step by Step.
First we need to collect all these equipment as you are seeing into the below picture.
Now as according to circuit diagram as in the picture insert all the components in the pcb board in same manner and do soldering with help of solder wire and soldering flux.
First give the input 220 v ac to the transformer via Ac cable, then Make a bridge rectifier and after that connect all the equipment’s according to the circuit diagram.
Now your circuit is ready to start as you will plug the ac wire of transformer the led will start glowing. You will get +5v 1 amp dc output . as through this output you can also charge your mobile phone.
So, Friends I hope you understand this project very well . In upcoming Tutorial I will be back with some new interesting Projects and we will discuss about some useful development topics. Here if you want to recommend that what I should write in upcoming Tutorial then please leave your comments. and if u need any help or query please don’t Hesitate to discuss with me. Thank You 🙂